A Record of Blacks in America's Wars

Blacks in Americas Wars

By the finish of the war there is scarcely a battle where Black troops hadn't participated. Perhaps their spectacular achievement was the demand of the 3rd Brigade of the Eighteenth Division on the Confederate fortifications on New Industry Heights near Richmond, Virginia. John Trust Franklin estimates that the Black colored mortality level in the Army was nearly 40 percent greater than among white soldiers. This is partially because of unfavorable conditions, poor apparatus, bad medical health care, and the rapidity with that your Blacks were directed into battle. But Dark troops were as well, as W.E.B. Du Bois described, "repeatedly and deliberately employed as shock troops, when there was little if any hope of victory." Blacks also played a conspicuous position in the Union navy through the Civil War. Throughout its background the navy hadn't barred free of charge Blacks from enlisting. In September 1861, experiencing an severe shortage of manpower, the navy went a stage further and adopted an insurance plan of registering escaped salves along with free Blacks. Due to shortage of sailors, which continued through the entire war, the Navy cured Blacks fairly well because it was anxious to recruit them and also have the re-enlist.

Black seamen comprised one-quarter of the sailors in the Union fleet. Of the 118,044 enlistments through the Civil War, 29,511 were Blacks. A few of the ships in the fleet had been manned by predominantly African american crews, and there is scarcely a ship that didn't involve some Afro-American crewmembers. Due to close quarters on warships, it had been never useful to segregate the Blacks with in the crews, the same way